How to grow Winter melon

Winter melon growing – plant of the genus Benincasa also known as Benincasa hispida, Winter melon annual plant grow as semi vine or vine, can grow mediterranean, desert, subtropics or tropics climate can be grown in temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 4+.

Flower color yellow with five lobs, female contain semi fruits that looks like a little melon, and male flower are smaller

Winter melon fruits

Fruit in green color the taste is sweet when the fruit is young after the sweet taste gone and it use as vegetable the size can be 10-80 cm in round shapes and shapeless, after picked the fruit can be used after ripen, seeds also edible

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Requirements for Winter melon growing and care:

Long summer at least 3 month from flowers recommend to watering on the ground and not watering on the leaves or the fruits, some species need trellising (the small ones),

What is the best way to start growing?
Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
When the plant attacked in the base if not treatment well it will die

Planting season:

Pests and diseases:
Powdery mildew, aphids, fungal disease, spider mites

Pruning season:
All the season

How to prune:
Infected leaves needed to take out, before cut, try to clean them, don’t prune growth vertex

Size of the plant?
1-2 m, 40-80 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Late spring / summer

General information about the flower
Yellow flower with five lobs, female contain semi fruits that looks like a little Winter melon, and male flower are smaller

Thinning the bloom:
Sometimes happened because disease or not enough water

Pollination is done by:
Bees and more pollinators, by hand

Edible fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer – autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Powdery mildew

What can be done with big quantities of Winter melon fruits?
Cooked, pickle

Work requirements on the fruit:
Sometimes to space it from the ground

How long does it take to bear fruit?
100- 140 days

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Easy to sow no special treatment

Saving seeds until sowing:
Room temperature, dry place

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
Depend if trellising or not, 1-2 on the ground can be more depend on the species

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
4-20 days

Condition of seedling:
Warm weather, big amount of water, full sun

Do the seeds require burying?

Scientific name:

Benincasa hispida

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone