How to grow Bitter melon

Bitter melon growing herbaceous vine of the genus Momordica also known as Bitter gourd or Momordica charantia, Bitter melon annual plant also used as ornamental medical for diabetic plant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4+.

Leaves color green, leaves size 7-15 cm and divided to 5+ lobes, young shoots edible.

Flower color yellow with five petals, there is male and female flower on the same plant.

Bitter melon fruits

Fruit edible color is green to orange in elliptic shape to shapeless, the fruit have pumps, taste is bitter

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Requirements for Bitter melon growing and care:

Trellising, mulch

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Rot problems

Planting season:

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
All season

How to prune:
Infected braches

Size of the plant?
1-3 m, 40-120 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
Yellow with five petals, there is male and female flower on the same plant

Pollination is done by:
Bees, flies +

Edible Fruit

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Bitter melon fruits?
Cooked, stuffed

Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick on time

How long does it take to bear fruit?
60-80 days

Scientific name:

Momordica charantia

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone