Noni tree grow and care – tree of the genus Morinda also known as Morinda citrifolia or Indian mulberry, Noni tree perennial evergreen plant, grow mostly for medical uses but also possible to eat the fruits and also possible to grow it as ornamental plant, grow in tropic, subtropical climate or as indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 12+ and with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 11.
Flowers small and the color is white, flowers grow in groups that connected to each other.
Noni plant fruits
Fruit color white cream, the taste it’s something that hard to eat raw the smell like cheese, fruits are actually a lot of little fruits that connected and create shape of ball with a lot of angle and have little hole, size of the fruits 4-10 cm.
Seeds are brown small and edible but need to cook them before use.
How to grow: Well drained soil, recommend above 10C(50F) when the tree mature can grow in 5C (41F), rich soil, moist soil
How to care: When the temperature is lower than 10C (50F) need to cover the tree when it’s young also to put a lot of mulch in the winter, also fertilize the tree 3-4 times a year, add organic matter and humus
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed – (see explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction, care
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but to be sure about the quality recommend
Difficulties or problems when growing: The smell of the fruit can be unpleasant
How to plant: Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball plus extra 50-70%, put in the hole organic matter, humus and dried leaves and mix it with soil, put the plant and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, plant and cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong, after planting put mulch to keep moist on soil, and don’t let it dry, for the next two weeks put every day (better in the morning), better to take care that the plant will be stable, and if not support it with bamboo or a stick that it won’t fall, if it’s in dry season without humidity increase the watering.
Planting season: Spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11 and all year can be in hardiness zone 12+
Pests and diseases: Aphids
Pruning season: Winter, can be all year branches without flowers
How to prune: dead, branch after the fruits
Size of the plant: 3-9 m, 10-27 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing (in hardiness zone 11 grow slowly especially when young)
Water requirement: Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade / Full Shade with light
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes, require hand pollination when growing indoor
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when growing in containers need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 40%-50% bigger than the roots ball, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, switch the soil every few years because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient, need to use rich soil and possible to use peat soil and or potting mix, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry before watering again.
Bloom season: All year in hardiness zone 12+ ,spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11
General information about the flower: Flowers small and the color is white, flowers grow in groups that connected to each other
Thinning the bloom: If the tree not strong enough
Pollination is done by: Bees, moth
Fruit harvest season: All year in hardiness zone 12+ ,spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11
Fruits pests or diseases: Mice
What can be done with big quantities of Noni tree fruits? Juice, cooked, eaten raw (not recommend)
Work requirements on the fruit: Sometimes need to cover, or to put mice traps
How long does it take to bear fruit? 1.5-5 years
How to grow noni plant from seed
Sowing requirement: Remove the cover of the seeds it’s white layer, remove by hand is better, soak the seeds in water for 48 hours, +25C-29C, with high humidity
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Need to clean the seeds and keep them in dry dark location
Sowing season: Spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11 and all year can be in hardiness zone 12+
How to plant: Better to plant in vermiculite or rich soil with peat soil, the moist in the soil important for the development of the seedling
Planting spacing: Better to plant in different pots, for transplanting 40*50cm (16-20 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 2cm (1 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, humidity, half shade (possible in full shade or sun but germinate better in half shade)
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water / Big amount of water