How to grow Mango tree

Mango tree grow and care – tree of the genus Mangifera also known as Mango, Mango tree perennial evergreen plant, used for the edible fruits also can used as shade tree, can grow in tropic, subtropical or mediterranean climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.

Leaves color is green in oval shape with pointed edge of the plants sometime can give the fragrant of the fruits.

Flower color white green, the flowers 1 mm and grow in inflorescence.

Mango tree fruits

Fruit can be in a variety of sizes and shapes: fruit size ranges from 5-15+ cm, shapes can be: elongated shapes, oval, round, flat, S-shaped. Fruit colors can be: green, red, orange. Sometimes Mango tree can be fibrous it’s recommend to buy varieties that are not with fibers (fibers it’s when in the Mango fruit has sting inside).

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How to grow Mango tree – grow and care:

Warm climate, rich soil, instead of use chemical against the aphids, possible to take care on the tree in the beginning season of the aphids, if wash the tree from the aphids they won’t establish, after aphids establish it’s harder to manage.

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed only recommend just if choosing good cane base and know how to graft – explanation bellow / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft?
Yes, the tree yield without graft but it’s better to graft to get better yield

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Get rid from the aphids that cause fungal makes the tree black and sticky

Planting season:
Spring in hardiness zone 10a, spring to summer hardiness zone 10b, all year in hardiness zone 11+

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, fungal

Pruning season:
Summer to autumn, in cultivars that not bearing a lot of fruits need to prune directly after the fruits

How to prune:
Infected branches, prune inner branches mostly in the inner branches high chance of get infected by aphids, if prune right and all the fruits and the stems get enough sun there is less chance that the tree will get infected

Size of the plant?
1.5-40 m, 5-120 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing, fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
No

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, but just dwarf species or even as bonsai can bare fruits

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring, summer

General information about the flower
Small flower 1 mm, white green grow in inflorescence

Thinning the bloom:
In the first 2 years recommend, usually the mango take of a the flowers but if not need to take care of the flower and the fruits and reduce the amount

Pollination is done by:
Bees and more

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds, Aphids, fungal

What can be done with big quantities of Mango tree fruits?
Eaten raw, ice-cream, leather fruits, used for spreads, Amchoor/amchur (amba), juice, dry

Work requirements on the fruit:
If the tree attacked with aphids and fungal, care to trims the infected leaves around the fruits

How long does it take to bear fruit?
3-5 years

Ripening of fruit
Unripen fruit can use to eat, in different ways like in salad with salt or as Amba

Mango tree from seed

Sowing requirement:
Clean the pulp from the seed after this need to care for the seeds and dry on net, if the seeds dry better to soaks the seeds in water for 24 hours, another possibility less recommend to open a little bit the open the seeds shell
Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, room temperature, better to used seeds directly

Sowing season:
Spring in hardiness zone 10a, spring to summer hardiness zone 10b, all year in hardiness zone 11+

Planting spacing:
Separate pots, 3-5 m. can be more deepened on the species

Depth of Sowing:
4-7 cm, from the top of the seed

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist, warm, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Big amount of water with moist soil and high humidity, don’t let it dry it might atrophy

Germination time:
1-5 weeks, possible after a year depend the condition

Condition of seedling:
Full sun, soil moist

Choosing the right seedling to grow:
Highly recommend to sow few seeds and choose just one to transplant to the garden, better to graft before transplant, because some trees will reject the grafting, in this way it’s insure that the tree grafted

Do the seeds require burying?
No

Cultivars

Tommy Atkins mango – originally from Florida is one of the most popular and commercial Mango. One of the reasons is it long lifetime (up to 3 weeks in the refrigerator).The skin color is typically dark red with yellow and green accents. The fruit ripens from June to October. Tommy Atkins fruit are juicy with a tropical mild flavor. Fruits are medium to large in an oval shape size and weight until 1kg (2.2 pounds).  The fruit is a good source of fibers and of vitamins A and C. The flesh is quite firm (due to the amount of fibers). To determinate ripeness lightly squeeze the fruit. Tommy Atkins mangos can be eaten fresh or cooked. The tree grows 5 to 10 meters (16 to 32 feet) tall and wide. The tree requires a neutral soil (pH around 6.5) and moderate watering. Harvesting is done between March and May.

Keitt Mango – originated from south Florida. The skin color is green even if the mango is perfectly ripe and sometimes there is a little blush on some portions of the mango. Keitt mango is shortly available, from July to September. It is particularly appreciated in Asia countries and eaten raw or as pickles. The texture is firm and fibreless. The fruit is extremely large and weights 0.5 to 1kg (1 to 2.2 lbs). The tree grows 5 to 10 meters (16 to 32 feet) tall. It takes it 5 years to bear fruits.

Alphonso Mango – originally from India (can also be named Hapuz, ‘King of mangoes’, Aapoos, Hafoos, Hapus). The fruit is small (up to 300g -10,5oz) and the skin is almost all a bright golden yellow with some hints of red that spread across the skin. The flesh is yellow. The flesh texture is tender, almost creamy with a non-fibrous pulp. The taste closer to the seed is very complex and floral. The tree grows 3-4 m (10 -13 Feet) tall and wide.

Haden Mango – (also named Hayden mango) originated from Florida Red and green or yellow skin. The flesh is yellow, nearly free of fibers. The taste is sweet, with rich flavor. The fruit ripens from June to July. The tree grows 15 to 30m (50 to 98 feet) high and with the age can attain in width 35 -40m (114 -131 feet). The fruit weight around 200g (7oz).

Ataulfo Mango – (also called Champagne mango, honey mango, Adolfo mango) from Mexico. The mango is yellow golden and is small (200g – 7oz). Ataulfo mango typically reaches 6m (20 feet). The fruit matures 3 to 5 months after the tree flowers. Ataulfo mango fruit is sweet and has velvety texture. The yellow flesh is fibreless.

Madame Francis Mango – originated from Haiti. Rich and sweet flavor.

Coconut Crème mango tree – from south Florida. The skin is bright red to yellow orange and the pulp is bright orange. The flavor is creamy, fibreless and reminds coconut taste. Trees grow moderately low. The fruit is very large and juicy.

Scientific name:

Mangifera indica

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors

Climate

Harvest season

Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone