How to grow Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis grow and care – tree of the genus Ficus also known as Banyan fig or Indian banyan, Ficus benghalensis perennial evergreen or deciduous plant, fruits edible but most grown as ornamental and also as shade tree or as bonsai the plant is drought tolerant, can grow in mediterranean, tropic, desert, subtropical climate or indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10+.

Ficus benghalensis leaves, flowers and edible fruits

Leaves color green, the shape elliptic.

Flower grow in inflorescence hollow fig structure, that the flowers inside the fig, the flowers grow

Fruits teardrop-shaped the color can be red or orange

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How to grow Ficus benghalensis growing and care:

Well drain soil, mulch (especially when the plant young)

How to care:
Prune once a year, fertilize 4 time a year (when the tree is young more nitrogen), cover the soil in mulch, add humus and organic matter

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed (explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction – cutting

How to propagate by cutting:
Propagation by cutting, when start from branch need to choose brown branch fully grown use root growth hormone that fit for woody branches, need to keep high humidity, moist soil and if put it in close box or greenhouse, need to be well ventilate that will moving of the air, watering by spraying or create fog and take care don’t let it dry

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, grow faster from cutting, although it’s not hard from seeds

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Irritant skin

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b, all year in hardiness zone 11+

How to plant:
Dig a hole as deep bigger than the current root ball plus extra 70-100%, put in the hole organic matter, hummus and dried leaves and mix it with the soil, reduce the hole to size of the roots ball, put the tree and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, when the plant in dormant possible to cut part of the root and prune the tree, plant the tree and cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong but not too much lightly because it won’t be stable, over with mulch to keep moist on soil, put water, for the next two weeks put every day (better in the morning), and if the temperature above 30C (86F) increase the amount of water.

Pests and diseases:
Batocera rufomaculata, gall, scales, mealy bugs, thrips, whitefly, spider mite

Pruning season:
Winter, possible all the year, better after the fruits

How to prune:
Weak branches, recommend keeping the tree small

Size of the plant:
10-30m, 30-100 feet, wide can be as along as given

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Small amount of water / Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half shade / Full shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Yes

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to limit the growth of the plant and grow it as dwarf or bonsai need to limit the growth of the roots, container need to be 50% bigger than the root ball until the plant arrive to the desirable container, wouldn’t recommend to start from big container on small tree in this method it’s care for the viability of the soil, minimum size of the container 25-50L (5-10 gallons) and bigger is better, making enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important an option it’s to use potting mix or peat soil with perlite and organic matter, care instruction every few years to switch the soil with big container there is no need to switch all the soil just switch part and cut some of the roots ball (can switch from the side and the top, fertilizer at least once a year, need to add humus few better twice, water it regularly and when put bottom for the pot be aware not to let the water stay there more than one day and do not over water it’s destroy the soil and the roots.

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Winter / spring

General information about the flower:
Flower grow in inflorescence hollow fig structure, that the flowers inside the fig

Pollination is done by:
Fig wasp, hand pollination

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
Birds

What can be done with big quantities of Ficus benghalensis fruits?
Eaten raw, jams, juice, dry, fruit leather

Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover the fruits with net

How long does it take to bear fruit?
3-5 years

How to grow Ficus benghalensis from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Seed small, better to soak the seeds for 24 hours, germinate in temperature 21-26 (70-79F), moist soil, high humidity (better result with light fog) half shade to full sun

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Dry and dark location

Sowing season:
Spring / Summer / Autumn (in hot climate better not in summer and in cold winter better not in the autumn, for germination the temperature it’s important and planting in the spring will be good for the growth of the seedling)

How to plant:
Better to plant the seeds in greenhouse or small plastic box that will keep high humidity

Planting spacing:
Possible 2*2cm (1*1 inch) but better 5*5cm (2*2 inches) to transplant after 5-7 leaves and not when the plant young

Depth of Sowing:
On the soil or cover 3mm, (1/8 inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
High humidity and temperature important for germination, light soil

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water, high humidity moist soil

Germination time:
7-21 days

Condition of seedling:
Reduce the humidity, expose slowly to sun

Varieties

Audrey – green big leaves with lighter green to white veins

Scientific name:

Ficus benghalensis

How to grow Ficus benghalensis

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Ficus benghalensis fruits

Ficus benghalensis tree

Ficus benghalensis leaves

Growing Ficus benghalensis plant

Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis palnt care

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