How to grow Elderberry

Elderberry grow and care – plant of the genus Sambucus and also known as Elder or Sambuc, Elderberry grow as bush, shrub‎ to small tree, it is perennial deciduous plant also used as ornamental plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 3-10.

Flowers are edible, the color of the flower white, flowers grows in inflorescence of flat head or round head, the flower are fragrant and used for barrage.

Elderberry fruits

Fruits color can be: black, blue, purple or red, the fruits are edible when fully ripen and after cooking

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How to grow Elderberry growing and care:

Slightly acid soil, cold winter and some cultivars chilling hours

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but to sow the plant can be problematic

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Aggressive growth, basal shoots

Planting season:
Winter, spring

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:

How to prune:
Week and bending branch

Size of the plant?
0.5-2 m, 20-80 inches, the blue elderberry 4-8 m (12-25 feet)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
Flowers are edible, the color of the flower white, flowers grows in inflorescence of flat head or round head

Pollination is done by:

Thinning the bloom:
First year recommend to thinning

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Elderberry fruits?
Juice, cakes, jams

Work requirements on the fruit:
Sometime neede to cover with net

How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-2 years

Ripening of fruit
Important to eat the fruit when full ripening


Blue elderberry (Sambucus cerulea) – fruit color is blue, the size 4-8 m, some said that the fruit remained them blueberry

Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa) – fruit color is red, the size 2-4 m

Black elder (Sambucus nigra) – fruit color is black, the size 1-8 m

Vegetative Reproduction

How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Elderberry?
Basal shoots

The best time for vegetative reproduction in Elderberry:
Spring / Summer / Autumn

How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
After the plant establish it start to grow new branch from the ground

What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Elderberry?
Same as fully grown plant with a bit more water

Scientific name:


How to grow Elderberry

Elderberry flowers

Elderberry edible flowers

Elderberry bloom

Harvest Growing Elderberry fruit

Growing Elderberry plant

Elderberry fruits


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Fruit
  • Edible leaves
Culinary uses
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Cooked
  • Dried fruit
  • Eaten raw
  • Fruit
  • Ice pop & Ice cream plants
  • Jams
  • Juice
Flower colors
  • White flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Deciduous
  • Perennial plant
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
  • Hedging plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 3
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9