Elderberry growing plant of the genus Sambucus and also known as Elder or Sambuc, Elderberry grow as bush, shrub to small tree, it is perennial deciduous plant also used as ornamental plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 3-10.
Flowers are edible, the color of the flower white, flowers grows in inflorescence of flat head or round head, the flower are fragrant and used for barrage.
Fruits color can be: black, blue, purple or red, the fruits are edible when fully ripen and after cooking
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Requirements for Elderberry growing and care:
Slightly acid soil, cold winter and some cultivars chilling hours
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but to sow the plant can be problematic
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Aggressive growth, basal shoots
Pests and diseases:
How to prune:
Week and bending branch
Size of the plant?
0.5-2 m, 20-80 inches, the blue elderberry 4-8 m (12-25 feet)
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Spring / Summer
General information about the flower
Flowers are edible, the color of the flower white, flowers grows in inflorescence of flat head or round head
Pollination is done by:
Thinning the bloom:
First year recommend to thinning
Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn
Fruits pests or diseases:
What can be done with big quantities of Elderberry fruits?
Juice, cakes, jams
Work requirements on the fruit:
Sometime neede to cover with net
How long does it take to bear fruit?
Ripening of fruit
Important to eat the fruit when full ripening
Blue elderberry (Sambucus cerulea) – fruit color is blue, the size 4-8 m, some said that the fruit remained them blueberry
Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa) – fruit color is red, the size 2-4 m
Black elder (Sambucus nigra) – fruit color is black, the size 1-8 m
How to make Vegetative Reproduction in Elderberry?
The best time for vegetative reproduction in Elderberry:
Spring / Summer / Autumn
How much time does it take to grow roots in vegetative reproduction?
After the plant establish it start to grow new branch from the ground
What is the treatment for vegetative reproduction in Elderberry?
Same as fully grown plant with a bit more water