Cucumber plant growing plant of the genus Cucumis also known as Cucumis sativus, Cucumber plant annual plant grow as Semi vine or creeping vine, can grow mediterranean, desert, subtropics, temperate or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 4+, in hardiness zone 4-7 need to care that will bear fruits.
Flower edible, color yellow with five lobs, female contain semi fruits that looks like a little Cucumber plant, and male flower are smaller
Cucumber plant edible fruits (vegetables)
Fruit peel color is green or yellow, the structure smooth or rough structure and sometimes there is a pump on the rind, inside the fruit is light green.
Mulch keep the moist of the soil and also protect the fruits
How to care: Watering on the ground and not watering on the leaves or the fruits, need trellising
What is the best way to start growing? Seedling / Seed (explanation bellow)
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, possible to graft for better base that will be resistant for virus
Difficulties or problems when growing: Attacked easily, when the plant attacked in the base if not treatment well it will die
Planting season: Spring to summer, but better in the spring and in hardiness zone 4-7 need to start in the middle of the winter indoor, the plant need enough hot days when mature to bear fruits without, if the plant won’t be with mature fruits in the autumn or the plant won’t bear fruits or the fruits will die before fully ripen, also better to choose cultivar that bear the fruits faster.
How to plant: Planting in well ventilated soil, dig bigger hole than the plant and put organic matter, humus and dead leaves
Pests and diseases: Powdery mildew, aphids, Cucumber plant Beetles
Pruning season: All the season
How to prune: Infected leaves needed to take out, also try to clean them
Size of the plant? 0.5-2 m, 20-80 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun
Water requirement: Average amount of water
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, planting in containers need to be at least 10-20L (2.5-5 gallons), well-drained soil, the plant not react well to overwater, need to make enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important and need to be soil well ventilated, can be potting mix or peat soil with perlite, when use bottom for the pot need that it will dry in the same day.
Bloom season: Spring – summer
General information about the flower Yellow Edible flower with five lobs, female contain semi fruits that looks like a little Cucumber plant, and male flower are smaller
Thinning the bloom: Sometimes happened because disease or
Pollination is done by: For eating it’s better not to pollinate the flower, Bees and more pollinators, by hand but this is just to get a seeds
Fruit harvest season: Spring, summer to autumn
Fruits pests or diseases: Powdery mildew
What can be done with big quantities of Cucumber plant fruits? Fruit: eaten raw, juice. Rind: pickles, Seeds: salad, raw
Work requirements on the fruit: Sometimes to space it from the ground
How long does it take to bear fruit? 50-80 days, in order to take care that will be fruits in hardiness zone 4-7 need to choose cultivars that bear fruits faster.
How to grow Cucumber plant from seeds
Sowing requirement: Easy to sow no special treatment, sowing temperature 15-40C (65-104F) but better to sow in 21-25C (70-77F)
Saving seeds until sowing: Room temperature, dry place
Sowing season: Spring (but in warm weather possible in the summer) and in cold climate start in the winter indoor
How to plant: Better to plant it in light soil that will be well ventilated and keep the moist like vermiculite
Planting spacing – How far apart to plant: Depend if trellising 40*50cm (16*20 inches) when crawling 1*1.25m (40-50 inches), sowing to transplanting 5*5cm (2*2 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 1-2cm (0.5-1 inch) from the top
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, full sun
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water, don’t let it dry
Germination time: 5-20 days
Condition of seedling: Warm weather, big amount of water, full sun, place to trellising