How to grow Cardoon

Cardoon grow and care – shrub‎ of the genus Cynara also known as Artichoke thistle or Cynara cardunculus, Cardoon perennial evergreen plant and also used as ornamental plant, can grow in mediterranean, temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 8-10 as perennial 5-8 as annual.

Cardoon flower

Leaves edible size 20-70+ cm the color is green gray, the edge of the leaf serrated, the part of the leaf that edible is the stem of the leaf.

Buds edible and spiny, the bottom of the bud is the heart is the biggest edible part, in every bud leaf in the end it’s also edible part, the bud size 5-20 cm.

Flower color purple that grow in round shape head.

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How to grow Cardoon growing and care:

Slightly acid soil, mulch

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
If ants build their nest next to the plant there is no future for this plant

Planting season:
Spring, summer and autumn in hardiness zone 10b

Pests and diseases:
Aphids, ants, slugs

Pruning season:
All year

How to prune:
Dead leaves

Size of the plant?
1-2 m

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
Purple flower that grow in globe shape buds

Pollination is done by:

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
Winter / Spring

How to harvest the leaves?
After the plant establish, before the flowers, can be possible to take all the tender almost fully grown leaves

Information about leaves:
Green-gray leaves size 20-70+ cm, the edge of the leaf serrated, the edible part the stem of the leaf.

Uses of Cardoon leaves:

Scientific name:

Cynara cardunculus

How to grow Cardoon

Cardoon plant care

Growing Cardoon



Blooming Seasons
  • Autumn flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Bud
  • Edible leaves
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
Flower colors
  • Purple flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Evergreen
  • Herbaceous
  • Perennial plant
  • Shrub
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Big amount of water
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9

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