How to grow Candlenut

Candlenut tree grow and care – tree of the genus Aleurites also known as Nuez de la India or Kemiri or Kukui nut tree, Candlenut perennial evergreen plant used for the edible nut also used as ornamental plant in the right care possible to grow as bonsai, can grow in tropic, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 10+.

Leaves color silver-green the top of the leaf is green the bottom is gray-silvery.

Flower color white-cream, the flowers grow in inflorescence.

Candlenut tree – Nuez de la India nut

Nut color is white-cream, outer shell green that become brown cracked mostly when the nut ready to eat; nutshell is brown and very hard to break.

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How to grow Candlenut tree growing and care:

How to grow candlenut tree:
Frost free (can survive light frost, few days)

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Cutting / Air layering

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but when start from air layering the tree produce faster

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Fruit contain some toxic

Planting season:
All year in hardiness zone 11+, spring to autumn hardiness zone 10b, spring to summer hardiness zone 10a

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
After the nut fall from the tree autumn – winter

How to prune:
Just for design

Size of the plant?
7-20 m, 21-60 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing in the right condition in hardiness zone 11b+ / Medium growing in hardiness zone 10-11a

Water requirement:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
No, but if grown as bonsai it’s not a problem to put the tree on container

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / Summer

General information about the flower
White-cream, the flowers grow in inflorescence

Pollination is done by:
Bees, flies

Edible nuts

Nuts harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Nuts pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Candlenut nuts?
Roasted, oil, spread

Work requirements on the nuts:
Crack the nutshell

How long does it take to bear nuts?
5-8 years

How to grow kukui nut tree from seed – Candlenut tree seeds

Sowing requirement:
Nutshell strong and highly recommend to scratch or even better to make small crack, soak the seeds at least 24 hours and switch the water every few hours

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dark and dry place

Sowing season:
All year in hardiness zone 11+, spring to autumn hardiness zone 10b, spring to summer hardiness zone 10a

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots, but for fully grown tree 4*3m (13*10ft), just for sowing and transplant 50*40cm (20*16inches)

Depth of Sowing:
2-3cm (+-1inches) from the top of the nutshell

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, with a lot of organic material that will help with the nutshell by making thiner

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Germination time:
Depend the condition of the nutshell, can take from 1-12 months

Condition of seedling:
Sunny location, warm weather, moist soil, mulch

Scientific name:

Aleurites moluccanus

Alternative names: candleberry, Indian walnut, Kemiri, Varnish tree, Nuez de la India, Kukui nut tree, and Kekuna tree, Candle nut

How to grow Candlenut

Candlenut tree care

Candlenut tree growing

Candlenut tree


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Nut
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Spreads & Sauces
Flower colors
  • White flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Tropics Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
Leaf color
  • Gray leaves
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental fruit
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Colored leaves
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
  • Shade tree
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
Watering plants
  • Big amount of water
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13