How to grow Bael tree

Bael grow and care – tree of the genus Aegle also known as Bael fruit or Aegle marmelos, Bael perennial evergreen to semi deciduous plant also used as ornamental plant, shade tree and use as medical plant, possible to grow it as bonsai plant, after few years the tree can be drought tolerant, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropical, temperate or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+.

Leaves color green in elliptic shape, the leaves can be edible when young.

Flower color yellow, the flowers small and have 4 petals.

Bael fruits

Fruit color light green to brown in egg, round or pear shape the taste is sweet sour and the size it’s 7-15 cm.

Alternative name: Bili tree, Aegle marmelos, Bengal quince, Stone apple, Wood apple, Indian bael

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How to grow Bael tree – growing and care:

Well-drained soil, when tree young need to fertilize four times a year in tropical in colder area three times spring, early summer and end of the summer

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Air layering – better to start in this method because it will produce fruits faster than seeds

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, if want better fruits need to graft

Difficulties or problems when growing
Very slow growing tree

Planting season:
Spring, to autumn, in hardiness zone 9-10a in spring, 10b-11 spring to autumn and in hardiness zone 12+ all year

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:

How to prune:
Just for design

Size of the plant?
5-10 m, 15-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Slow growing, it’s takes it few years until it started to grow faster

Water requirement:
Small amount of water / Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade (when the tree young better full sun)

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers
No, only possible as bonsai

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
Yellow small flowers and have 4 petals.

Edible Fruit

Harvest fruit season:
Autumn to winter

Fruits pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Bael fruits?
Juice, dry fruit, toffee, eat raw

Work requirements on the fruit:
Just collect the fruit

How long does it take to bear fruit?
5-10 years

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
Spring / Summer

How to harvest the leaves?
Young leaves, better to start to harvest after the plant start to bear fruit at least few years

Information about leaves:
Leaves oval and when young tender and edible after this possible to eat but structure less good

Uses of Indian Bael leaves:

How to grow Bilva tree from seed

Sowing requirement:
Rich soil with organic matter, well-drained soil

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dark dry location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring to summer

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots

Depth of Sowing:
2-3cm (~1 inches) from the top of the seeds

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil,

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water and don’t let them dry

Germination time:
1-3 months

Condition of seedling:
Water them regularly and protect them from winds

Scientific name:

Aegle marmelos

How to grow Bael tree

Bael grow and care

Bael plant

Growing Bael plant

Bael growing

Bael care

Bael fruit

Bael tree


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Fruit
Culinary uses
  • Dried fruit
  • Juice
Flower colors
  • Yellow flower
  • Desert Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
  • Tropics Climate
Harvest Season
  • Winter harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Slow growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Deciduous
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Bonsai
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
  • Shade tree
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
  • Small amounts of water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13
  • Hardiness zone 9