How to grow Aronia melanocarpa

Aronia melanocarpa growing is shrub from this genus also known as Black chokeberry. Aronia melanocarpa is perennial deciduous plant also used as ornamental plant. Grow in temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-8.

Leaves are oval the color green light to dark, before the foliage the leaves become red.

Flowers white small with 5 petal, grow in groups.

Aronia melanocarpa fruits

Fruits color black, the fruits are edible but the seeds contain poison and after cook the seeds are edible

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Requirements for Aronia melanocarpa growing and care:

Chilling hours, clay soil, free from weeds

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but easier

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Seeds contain poison when eaten raw

Planting season:
Winter, spring

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
Begin of the winter

How to prune:
Prune the week branches

Size of the plant?
0.5-2 m 2-6 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing / Slow growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring / begging of the summer

General information about the flower
White small flowers with 5 petal, grow in groups

Thinning the bloom:
Firsts year, recommend

Pollination is done by:

Fruit information

Fruit harvest season:
End of the summer – beginning of the autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Aronia melanocarpa fruits?
Juice, cakes

Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover in net, if the birds eat all

How long does it take to bear fruit?
2-3 years

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
Small black seeds, the seeds need to be soaked in water 12 hour, recommend to change the water in every few hours

Saving seeds until sowing:
Cold dark place, better in the refrigerator

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
0.5-0.7 m

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist, not direct sun, not to hot

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
1-3 month

Condition of seedling:
Half shade, well drain soil

Do the seeds require burying?

Time to bury the seeds:
Mid of the winter

Chilling Requirements:
After the soaking the seeds put them in the refrigerator 1-3 month in moist dark, well drain soil

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Cutting, basal shoots

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
End of winter – early spring

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
1-2 month

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Wet soil, half shade

Scientific name:

Aronia melanocarpa

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone