Aronia berry plant growing is shrub of the genus Aronia also known as Chokeberry, Aronia berry plant is perennial deciduous plant, edible plant and also used as ornamental plant, grow in temperate, subtropical or mediterranean climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9, possible to grow it with the right care in hardiness zone 10.
Leaves are oval the color green light to dark, before the foliage the leaves become red.
Flowers color white small with 5 petal, the flowers grow in groups.
Aronia berry plant edible fruits
Fruits color can be: red, black or purple, the fruits are edible but the seeds contain poison and after cook the seeds are edible
Aronia berry plant for sale – Seeds or Plants to Buy
How to grow Aronia berry plant growing condition and care:
Chilling hours, clay soil, free from weeds, heavy soil, rich soil
How to care:
Fertilize once a year, prune once a year, add organic matter
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed (explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction – Suckers or Cutting in the late winter to early spring (possible in green house in other season), moist soil and high humidity better to use root growth hormone, better to use peat soil, for suckers need to separate in the winter and transplant them.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, it’s faster to get the fruits, ensure the quality of the fruits and easier than seeds
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Seeds contain poison when eaten raw
Winter, spring, summer, in hardiness zone 9-10 winter to early spring and when planting bare roots winter to early spring after this it might die
Pests and diseases:
End of the autumn to beginning of the winter, but if there isn’t a lot of fruits better after the fruits season
How to prune:
Prune the week branches and dead, crossing branch, in order to get bigger fruits better to reduce the buds in order to get bigger fruits, old stems, reduce the amount of branches and need to take care that all the fruits will get enough light
Size of the plant:
0.5-4 m, 2-12 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing / Slow growing
Average amount of water and don’t let the plant dry
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun and when grow in hardiness zone 10b better to grow it in half shade without noon sun
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a pot, planter, flowerpot, containers:
Yes, in containers need to keep the plants small, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day.
Spring to summer
General information about the flower
White small flowers with 5 petal, grow in groups
Thinning the bloom:
First years, recommend to prune the bloom stems because it has negative affect on the growth and the development of the plant
Pollination is done by:
Edible fruits information
Fruit harvest season:
End of the summer – beginning of the autumn
Fruits pests or diseases:
What can be done with big quantities of Aronia berry plant fruits?
Juice, cakes, alcholic beverge
Work requirements on the fruit:
Cover in net, if the birds eat all
How long does it take to bear fruit?
How to grow Aronia plant from seeds
Small black seeds, the seeds need to be soaked in water 12 hour, recommend to change the water in every few hours
Saving seeds until sowing:
Cold dark place, better in the refrigerator
Depth of Sowing:
Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist, not direct sun, not to hot
Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water
Condition of seedling:
Half shade, well drain soil
Do the seeds require burying?
Time to bury the seeds:
Mid of the winter
After the soaking the seeds put them in the refrigerator 1-3 month in moist dark, well drain soil
Vegetative Reproduction Method:
Cutting, basal shoots
Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:
End of winter – early spring
Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Wet soil, half shade
Aronia arbutifolia – bright red fruit, 2-4 m
Aronia melanocarpa – Black Purple fruit, 0.5-2
Aronia prunifolia – burgundy to black, 1-2 m
Alternative names: Chockberry, Chokeberry