Amaranthus hybridus growing herbaceous of the genus Amaranthus and also known as Smooth pigweed or Green amaranth, Amaranthus hybridus shot perennial evergreen or in cold weather an annual plant, it’s edible plant and mostly used as ornamental plant, grow in mediterranean, subtropical, temperate, tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone 2+.
Leaves edible in oval shape, the leaves color can be: green, red or something in between.
Amaranthus hybridus flower
Flowers small purple or yellow, green or orange and grow on inflorescence stalk, the seeds are also edible.
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Requirements for Amaranthus hybridus growing and care:
Cover soil (mulch)
What is the best way to start growing:
Plant / Seed, germinate with high success in the spring but possible also in the summer and autumn, in area with warm winter can bloom in the winter, the plant reseed itself, collecting seeds better to do in the end of the blooming to put paper bag on the flowers to close it down and twist the stem little down that all the seeds will fall to the paper bag.
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, possible to do start from cutting, but better from seeds
Difficulties/Problems with growing:
Aggressive, can be weed
Spring, (in cold area better start growing indoor in the end of the winter than to transfer it outdoor after the last frost), when buy small plant in warm region possible to plant it in the summer
Pests and diseases:
All year, better after the plant dead or in the spring before the flowers
How to prune:
Usually not necessary to prune, but if needed that the plant will be small or more full of stems better to cut in the top of the plant in the spring after the plant establish
Size of the plant?
0.8-1.5 m, 32-60 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Irrigation water management requirement:
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun, can be with less than full sun, it will affect the amount of flowers
Is it possible to grow indoor?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
When does flowers bloom?
Summer / Autumn
General information about the flower
Purple small flowers, inflorescence stalk
Thinning / Deadheading of Blossom:
Not recommend cause the seeds are also edible, if you choose to cut better to do it in the buds and not let the plant bloom
Pollination is done by:
When to trim the leaves?
Spring, Summer, Autumn / in warm climate better to harvest in spring the leaves young and tender and the plant might bloom in the summer, in colder region better to start to harvest in the late spring after the plant establish until the end of the summer, sometimes possible in the autumn but better to harvest when the plant doesn’t bloom
How to trim the leaves?
Cut the stems or just leaves from the base, better to cut the leaves when the leaves fully grown and young, the leaves softer and less fibrous
Information about leaves:
Oval, the leaves color can be: green, red or both
Uses of leaves:
Eaten raw, salad, stir fry, cooked