Aloe vera plant grow and care – succulent leaf plant of the genus Aloe also known as Aloe vera, Aloe vera plant perennial evergreen plant, can used as edible and medical but mostly used as ornamental plant and it’s drought tolerant plant, can grow in desert, mediterranean, subtropical, tropic climate or indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10b+ and with the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 10a.
Leaves edible fleshy with spiny serrated the size can be 30-80 cm.
Aloe vera flower
Flower color red sometime yellow grows on inflorescence.
How to grow Aloe vera succulent growing condition and care:
More than -5C, well-drained soil
How to care: When it’s frost need to take care of the plant, plant it in location without winds and also put mulch and dead leaves on the plant, possible to fertilize once a year
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seeds – explanation bellow / Vegetative Reproduction
How to propagate: propagation by daughter plant better to transplant them when there is at least 2-3 leaves, need to care daughter plant the same as adult, propagation by cutting possible stems or leaves, need to cut and wait that the cut will heal after this put it in the soil, better sandy soil with good drainage, watering need to be lightly and let it almost dry between watering, also leaves are more sensitive to pests and can be rotten easy so consider to use sterile soil (put in microwave).
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easy to start from cutting or daughter plant
Difficulties or problems when growing: Spines in the edge of the leaves
Planting season: Spring to summer in hardiness zone 10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b, all year in hardiness zone 11+.
How to plant: Planting in bigger hole 50-100% bigger, mix the soil with small amount of organic matter, plant and cover it lightly, if there are a lot of rains need to put to plant higher than the ground level in order to prevent puddles.
Pests and diseases: Aphids, slugs, snails
Pruning season: All year, better to prune after blooming season
How to prune: Dead leaves and old stems
Size of the plant: Leaves 10-25 (4-10 inches) cm the spike 20-40 cm (8-16 inches)
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water, let it dry between watering, do not over water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade / Full shade (more sensitive to pests in the shade)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes, need to grow it with light and might won’t bloom
Growing is also possible in a pots, planter, flowerpot or containers: Yes
How to grow in a pot: Choose container 30-50% bigger than the root ball, need sandy soil, lava grit and other inert soil possible to use cactus potting mix, but grow well in regular potting mix, small amount of organic matter, make enough holes in the pot that will be good drainage, possible to put fertilize it once a year, put small amount of water and let it dry between watering, better not to use bottom for the pot but if yes, need to be dry in the end of the day.
Bloom season: Summer
General information about the flower: Yellow, orange or red flower inflorescence
Pollination is done by: Bees, moth
Leaves harvesting season: All year
How to harvest the leaves? In the base of the leaf
Information about leaves: Leaves fleshy with spiny serrated the size can be 30-80 cm
Uses of Aloe vera leaves: Beverage, juice
How to grow Aloe vera succulent from seeds
Sowing requirement: Light soil with good drainage, optimal sowing temperature ~25C (~77C), but can be sown in hotter temperatures
Saving seeds until sowing: Dark and dry place in room temperature
Sowing season: Spring to autumn, better in spring higher chance that will germinate
Planting spacing: 20*30cm (8*12 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 0.5cm, 0.25 inches
Conditions for seeds germinate: Lightly moist soil, half shade to full sun
Watering requires for Seeds: Small amount of water and let it almost dry between watering, don’t overwater
Germination time: 2-5 weeks
Condition of seedling: Light, water small amount but don’t over water