Achillea plant grow and care – herbaceous rhizomes of the genus Achillea also known as Yarrow, Achillea plant perennial evergreen or deciduous in colder climate also grown as annual plant, used as edible plant for the leaves and the flowers but mostly used as ornamental plant also used for fragrant and attracts pollinators, some of the species can be used as medical plant, can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 3-10 and with the right care in hardiness zone 11.
Leaves edible color can be: green, gray, white or more than one color, texture of the leaves soft linear with serrated and grow in pinnate structure remind like fern growth.
Flower edible fragrant, color can be: purple, pink, red, white, light orange, yellow or more than one color, small flowers with fix petals, in flat shape, the flowers grow in inflorescence in umbel shape.
How to grow Achillea plant – growing condition and care:
Well-drained soil, prefer: dry summer, well ventilated soil, in the beginning better without competition because need direct full sun
How to care: When the plants tall need to support with cane, prune once a year, fertilizer twice in the spring and in the summer
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Rhizomes – need to dived the rhizomes in
How to propagate: Propagating by cutting in early spring, better to use root growth hormone, moist, well-drained soil, better in half shade, cut stem next to the rhizome in the base of the plant
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easy start by cutting or rhizome dividing and it’s ensure the color of the flowers
Difficulties or problems when growing: Aggressive, toxic to pets, can cause skin irritation
Recommended planting season? Spring as annual plant, spring in hardiness zone 3-6, spring to summer in hardiness zone 6-10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b-11, better to plant in spring the plant establish better.
Pests and diseases: Aphids, thrips, rust, leafhopper, powdery mildew
Pruning season: All year, better to prune after the blooming season in the autumn to the winter
How to prune: Dead leaves and bloom stems, but mostly pruned for design
Size of the plant: 0.2-1.2 m, 0.8-4 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Small amount of water, can survive few weeks without water ( but better to keep watering regularly
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun, in desert or hot summer 85% of sun will be enough and it helps to prevent sunburn on the plants
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, grow in containers 10-20L (2.5-5 gallons) or bigger than the plant at least 100-200% need to switch the soil once in a few years by new soil, better to do in the winter, wash the soil from the roots and cut the root and prune the plant, use potting mix or peat soil with perlite and mix it with hummus and organic matter, use chopped mulch to keep the soil moist, let the bottom of the pot fill in water but dry in the same day, it’s important that the soil will .
Bloom season: Spring / Summer (it’s possible also in the autumn)
General information about the flower: Small fragrant flowers with five petals and colors can be: purple, pink, red, white, light orange, yellow or more than one color grow in inflorescence
Pollination is done by: Butterfly, bees and more, also it’s attracting pollinators to the garden
Uses of Achillea flowers: Beverage, spice, salad, soups, stews or as herb
Leaves harvesting season: Possible all year, but in hot area better to harvest in the spring, colder area end of the spring to the summer, better to harvest without flowers, the moment that the plant bloom, need to wait or to cut the flowers
How to harvest the leaves? After the plant establish can be cut freely, better to cut in the base of the leaves
Information about leaves: Leaves soft in linear shape with serrated edges and leaves grow in pinnate structure
Uses of Achillea leaves: Beverage, spice, salad, soups, stews, alcohol or as herb
How to grow Achillea plant from seed
Sowing requirement: Well drained soil, sowing temperature 15-20C (59-68F)
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark place, better in the refrigerator
Sowing season – when to plant: Spring as annual, and will be better in the spring also as perennial but in hardiness zone 10-11 possible in the autumn
How to plant: Plant in sunny location and keep the soil moist
Planting spacing: 20*30cm (8*12 inches)
Depth of Sowing: ~1cm (0.5 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, better with high humidity
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water
Germination time: 2-4 weeks
Condition of seedling: Sunny location with moist soil
Do the seeds require burying? Yes, few weeks of temperature at least 10C (50F)