How to grow Viola tricolor

Viola tricolor grow and care – subshrub of the genus Viola and also known as Wild pansy or Heartsease, Viola tricolor is annual in warm climate and short life perennial in cold climate mostly used as ornamental plant although it’s an edible plant. Viola tricolor can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.

Leaves green with orbicular shape

Viola tricolor flower

Flowers edible, there are 3 color in the flower color mostly: in the top purple, the flowers colors in the middle light purple or white in the inner petal of the flower yellow, size can be 2-4 cm

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How to grow Viola tricolor growing and care:

Cool weather, well-drained soil

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to heat

Recommended planting season?
Spring in cold climate, autumn-winter in warm climate

Pests and diseases:
Slug, Mildew, Aphids

Pruning season:
All year

How to prune:
old and dead leaves

Size of the plant?
7-20 cm

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun (more flowers)/ Half Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Spring, summer and autumn in cold climate, Winter spring and early summer in warm climate

General information about the flower
Edible flowers, there are 3 color in the flower color mostly: in the top purple, in the middle light purple or white in the inner petal of the flower yellow the size can be 2-4 cm

Thinning the bloom:
When the flower start to die take the stem of the flower

Pollination is done by:
Bees, butterfly

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season
Spring, summer and autumn in cold climate, Autumn, winter and spring in warm climate

How to harvest the leaves?
Cut the leaves next to the stems

Information about leaves:
Leaves green with oval shape sometime secreted in the edges

Uses of Viola tricolor leaves:
Salad, cooked

Scientific name:

Viola tricolor

How to grow Viola tricolor

Growing Viola tricolor

Viola tricolor


Blooming Seasons
  • Autumn flowers
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
  • Winter flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible flowers
  • Edible leaves
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Eaten raw
  • Salad
Flower colors
  • Purple flower
  • White flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Spring Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
  • Winter harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Subshrub
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Winter planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 2
  • Hardiness zone 3
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 9