Viola tricolor growing subshrub of the genus Viola and also known as Wild pansy or Heartsease, Viola tricolor is annual in warm climate and short life perennial in cold climate mostly used as ornamental plant although it’s an edible plant. Viola tricolor can grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.
Leaves green with orbicular shape
Viola tricolor flower
Flowers edible, there are 3 color in the flower color mostly: in the top purple, the flowers colors in the middle light purple or white in the inner petal of the flower yellow, size can be 2-4 cm
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Requirements for Viola tricolor growing and care:
Cool weather, well-drained soil
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive to heat
Recommended planting season?
Spring in cold climate, autumn-winter in warm climate
Pests and diseases:
Slug, Mildew, Aphids
How to prune:
old and dead leaves
Size of the plant?
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing
Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun (more flowers)/ Half Shade
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Spring, summer and autumn in cold climate, Winter spring and early summer in warm climate
General information about the flower
Edible flowers, there are 3 color in the flower color mostly: in the top purple, in the middle light purple or white in the inner petal of the flower yellow the size can be 2-4 cm
Thinning the bloom:
When the flower start to die take the stem of the flower
Pollination is done by:
Leaves harvesting season
Spring, summer and autumn in cold climate, Autumn, winter and spring in warm climate
How to harvest the leaves?
Cut the leaves next to the stems
Information about leaves:
Leaves green with oval shape sometime secreted in the edges
Uses of Viola tricolor leaves: