Pear tree grow and care – tree of the genus Pyrus also known as Pear, Pear tree perennial deciduous plant, grow for the edible fruits but also can grow as bonsai tree, grow in temperate, mediterranean or subtropical climate and grow in hardiness zone 4-10, different varieties in different hardiness zone and in hardiness zone 10b possible to grow some varieties with the right care.
Leaves green light to dark in oval shape.
Flower color white, the flowers grow in clusters connected to small stems.
Fruit shape mostly pear shape but some of them have round shape, size of the fruit can be 3-16 cm, color of the fruit mostly yellow or white, the peel can be green, yellow, brown or red sometimes more than one color
Chilling hours or cool winter (depend on the cultivars), if the tree attack in the beginning of the winter need to collect all the leaves and the fruit from the ground, cut all the infected branches
What is the best way to start growing: Plant, seeds, vegetative reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? Yes it’s not hard to start by seeds but better grafted tree that can ensure the quality of the fruits like: size, taste (sweet to tasteless), juicy fruits
Difficulties or problems when growing: Very sensitive to pests and disease
Planting season: Winter to spring and possible in summer but less recommend, when planting bare roots winter to early spring after this it might die
How to plant: When start in bare root important to cut part of the roots and the tree above the grafting, put organic matter, humus, dead leaves and mix it with the soil
Pests and diseases: Aphids, Borer, mite
Pruning season: End of the autumn to beginning of the winter, but if there isn’t a lot of fruits better after the fruits season
How to prune: Prune the week branches and dead, crossing branch, in order to get bigger fruits better to reduce the buds in order to get bigger fruits, old stems, reduce the amount of branches and need to take care that all the fruits will get enough light
Size of the plant: 3-15 m, 10-45 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing / Slow growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter, flowerpot, containers: Yes, in containers need to keep the plants small but better to use grafted dwarf cultivar, start with pot that will be 20-50% more than the root ball, bigger the plant smaller the percentage, every time that the tree arrive to full capacity need to switch to bigger until arrives to desirable size, better to use this method because the soil lose the viability over time and it’s efficient of care for the tree, when the plant big need to switch part of the soil, drainage it’s important and need to make holes and to use peat soil and maybe some lava grit in the bottom or something like that, put a bottom for the container and when water the plant let it fill the bottom but also need to dry in the same day.
Bloom season? Spring
General information about the flower: White flowers in the size 1-2.5 cm
Pollination is done by: Bees
Fruit harvest season: Summer / Autumn
Fruits pestsor diseases: Birds, fruit fly
What can be donewith bigquantities of Pear treefruit? Eaten raw, baked, cake, juice and more
Work requirements on the fruit: Cover the tree with net or protect the fruit against fruit fly