How to grow Okra

Okra grow and care – shrub of the genus Abelmoschus and also known as Bamia or Gumbo, Okra evergreen perennial but in a cold weather become deciduous or grow as annual plant and also used as ornamental plant, Can grow in mediterranean, subtropics, temperate or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 11+ as perennial or 4+ as annual.

Bamia leaves edible fleshy leaves with 5-7 lobes, sometimes the lobes very prominent and sometimes barely visible, depending on the species and conditions of growth, the leaves can reach to 15 cm.

Flowers are bright yellow edges on the inside near the stamens are darkened to purple brown.

Okra frutis

Fruits are edible can be in the color green or red. Seeds can be used as a substitute for coffee.

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How to grow Okra growing and care:

Well-drained soil

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative Reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but possible

Difficulties or problems when growing:
sensitive the cold

Planting season:
Spring as annual, spring to autumn as perennial

Pests and diseases:
aphids, slugs, nematode

Pruning season:

How to prune:
not recommend to prune, but possible to cut the top of plant before the flowers

Size of the plant:
1-2 m, 3-6 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower
Flowers are bright yellow edges on the inside near the stamens are darkened to purple brown

Thinning the bloom:
no need

Pollination is done by:

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:
Summer / Autumn

Fruits pests or diseases:
birds, slugs

What can be done with big quantities of Okra fruits?
Pickle, cooked

Work requirements on the fruit:
collect the seeds from the fruits before it falls to the ground

How long does it take to bear fruit?
5-8 month

Ripening of fruit
recommend to pick up the fruit before the fruit ready

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
2-3.5 mm black seeds

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark place

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
20-30 cm

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm

Conditions for seeds germinate:
moist not too much, well drain soil

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2 weeks – 3 month

Condition of seedling:
full sun, not too much moist

Do the seeds require burying?

Vegetative Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction Method:

Preferred time for vegetative reproduction:

Time to grow roots in vegetative reproduction:
3-7 weeks

Treatment for vegetative reproduction:
Moist, well drain soil, half shade

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
In tropics climate all year in colder place spring, summer, autumn

How to harvest the leaves?
Next to the branch

Information about leaves:
Fleshy leaves with 5-7 lobes

Uses of Okra leaves:
Young leaves can used for salad and the fully grown for cooking, stir fry, staffed leaves

Scientific name:

Abelmoschus esculentus

How to grow Okra

Okra fruit

Okra plant care

Abelmoschus esculentus

Harvesting Okra fruit

Okra seeds

Abelmoschus esculentus

Okra leaves


Blooming Seasons
  • Autumn flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible Fruit
  • Edible leaves
  • Edible Seeds
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
  • Pickles
  • Salad
  • Stuffed or Wrapped
  • Vegetables
Flower colors
  • Yellow flower
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Spring Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
  • Winter harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Shrub
Plant Uses
  • Edible plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9