How to grow Meiwa kumquat

Meiwa kumquat tree growing plant of the genus citrus also known as Round kumquat, Meiwa kumquat grow as shrub or tree perennial evergreen with thorns also used as ornamental plant. It can grow in subtropical or mediterranean climate and growing in hardiness zone 9+ and in the right overwinter care in hardiness zone 8.

Leaves color green mostly dark in oval shape.

Flowers white with yellow stamen.

Meiwa Kumquat fruit

Fruit taste sour with little bit bitter, fruit size ~1 -3 cm and color is orange. The inner fruit divided by segments, the segment cover with soft thin layer, it containing the pulp (little cones covered with a thinner layer). Rind color orange, the edible part is especially the rind eaten raw, the taste is sweet and little bit bitter also used as flavor and fragrant

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How to grow Meiwa kumquat growing and care:

Frost free, well drained

What is the best way to start growing Cumquat plant:
Plant / Seed / Air layer

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
Yes, necessary to ensure the quality of the fruits, size, taste, amount of juice and amount of seeds

Difficulties/Problems with growing:
When the tree young very sensitive to citrus leaf miner, thorns

Planting season:
Spring to summer in hardiness zone 8-10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b, all the year in hardiness zone 11, better not to plant it in the hot summer days

Pests and diseases:
Citrus leaf miner, aphids, citrus foot rot, ant, citrus gummosis

Pruning season:
Summer but better when there is no fruits or flowers

How to prune:
Dead branch, cross branches, too much density, when design as shrub need to prune the main trunk in order to induce the side branches to grow and when grow as

Size of the plant:
0.3-4 m (1-12  feet), possible to grow it as shrub 0.3-1 m (1-3 feet) or tree 1-4m (3-12 feet)

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Irrigation water management requirement:
Small amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow indoor?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, when grow in container need to choose the desirable container if it’s small plant it directly if it’s a big container bigger than 100% than the root ball consider start to grow with small container, better to switch the soil once in few years, when start to grow check that the graft of the tree not too much high and choose plant that can grow as dwarf tree or to grow it as bonsai.

Blooming information

When does flowers bloom?
Summer / Autumn

General information about the flower:
Flowers are white with yellow stamen

Thinning / Deadheading of Meiwa kumquat Blossom:
The first year should thinning the flowers

Pollination is done by:

Edible Fruits

When does it yield:
Autumn / Winter

Pests or diseases in Cumquat fruit:
Citrus stubborn disease, citrus black spot, Alternaria

What can be done with big quantities of Kumquat fruit?
Eat, juice, the rind used fragrant, fruit leather, sugary rind

Work requirements on the fruit:
Pick up (sometimes cut brunches that grow into the fruit)

How long does it take to bear fruit?
1-3 years

Ripening of fruit
Possible to pick up the fruit before and let them ripening them in the house

How to grow Meiwa kumquat tree from seed

Sowing requirement:
Moist soil, hot weather, sunny location

Saving seeds until sowing:
Dry, dark location in room temperature

Sowing season:
Spring (possible in the autumn in hardiness zone 10b+)

Planting spacing:
Better in separate pots

Depth of Sowing:
2cm (1inches)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Don’t let it dry, rich soil and sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
2-4 weeks

Condition of seedling:
If there is Citrus leaf miner in one of the trees in the area better to put it in greenhouse or indoor

Scientific name:

Citrus japonica

Alternative names: Meiwa cumquat, Round kumquat

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone