Jade plant grow and care – succulent shrub of the genus Crassula also known as Crassula ovate or money tree, Jade plant perennial evergreen used as ornamental drought tolerant plant or bonsai, can grow in mediterranean, desert, subtropics or temperate climate or indoor as houseplant and growing in hardiness zone 10-12.
Jade plant leaves
Leaves color green sometimes can be with red in the top leaves in ovate shape and some cultivars can be cylindrical leaves fleshy.
Flower color white to pinkish in star shape the inner part also have star shape with five petals, the flowers grow in clusters on stems.
How to care: Cut once a year and consider to put fertilizer at least once a year, put water only when the leaves become soft
What is the best propagation way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction – cutting leaves or stems, pups
How to propagate:, Seed – sowing season it’s in spring to summer, keep soil little moist let it almost dry take care that won’t be fully dry, use potting mix or sandy soil. Cutting propagate can be from leaves or stems, cut in the base of the leaf will be better, possible to cut stems or in middle of the leaf, need to let the few days in shade location and let it dry little bit before put it in the soil, after this put the leaves of stems in the soil watering it with moist and don’t overwater.
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction? No, but easier to start from propagation of leaf or stem
Difficulties or problems when growing: Toxic to animal like (dogs, cats, horses)
Recommended planting season? All year (in cold climate not in the winter)
How to plant: Planting in location with good drainage, the plant doesn’t like and might die if will sit in puddle so in rainy location better to grow above the ground level and use raising bad
Pests and diseases: Snails, slugs, aphids, meal bug
Pruning season: All year
How to prune: Just for design dead leaves and bloom stem
Size of the plant: 0.3-4 m, 1-12 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Slow growing especially when the plant young, the plant will grow faster when become bigger
Water requirement: Small amount of water – let it dry between watering and care not overwater it will kill that plant, if it’s grow in rainy location better to put in pot with lava grit or something inert that the water to go out, also sandy soil
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade / Full Shade
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Yes
Growing is also possible in a pot, planter, flowerpot, containers: Yes, when growing containers need bigger than the root ball at least 30% too much big it’s not useful and better to switch the pot to bigger every few years than to start with big pot, soil loos viability over time and once in every few years better to switch (if there isn’t over water or it’s sandy soil with good drainage possible to switch every 5 years and even more), need to make sure that there are enough holes, also choosing the soil it’s important more rains need better drainage, possible to choose sandy soil add little organic matter with materials like lava grit in the bottom and sandy soil on the top, possible perlite with peat soil.
Bloom season: Winter-spring
General information about the flower White to pinkish flowers star shape the inner part also have star shape with five petals, the flowers grow in clusters on stems
How to grow Jade plant from seeds
Sowing requirement: Location with light and better sandy or well ventilated soil and also well ventilate and good drainage soil, keep soil slightly moist, sow in light doesn’t have to be sunny, temperature 23-27C (73-80F)
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark place in room temperature
Sowing season: Spring after the last frost in hardiness zone 10a, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10b, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11 and possible all year in hardiness zone 12
How to plant: Need to plant in light soil, with good drainage overwater will cause problem in germination
Planting spacing: For transplant 2*2cm (1*1 inch)
Depth of Sowing: 0.5cm (0.25inches)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil but do not over water and don’t let it dry
Watering requires for Seeds: Small amount of water / Average amount of water
Germination time: 3-6 weeks
Condition of seedling: Light with moist soil and well ventilated soil