How to grow Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium growing shrub or tree of the genus Ilex also known as Common holly, Ilex aquifolium perennial evergreen used as ornamental hedge plant, can grow in temperate, cold mediterranean or cold subtropics climate or as climate and growing in hardiness zone 3-8.

Ilex aquifolium leaves

Leaves color green or variegate green with white or yellow in oval or shapeless with spines in the margin of the leaves.

Flower color white in female tree and yellow with green in male plants, the flowers grow in clusters.

Fruit not edible, fruit color red, the fruit glossy and small 0.5 cm.

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How to grow Ilex aquifolium growing and care:

Cold weather, moist

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Spiny leaves, invasive

Planting season:
Spring, summer, autumn

Pests and diseases:
Leaf miner

Pruning season:

How to prune:
Just for design

Size of the plant?
2-10 m, 6-30 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Slow growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade (preferred by the plant) / Full Shade

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:

General information about the flower
White flowers female tree and yellow with green in male plants, the flowers grow in clusters

Scientific name:

Ilex aquifolium

Blooming Seasons

Flower Colors


Leaf color

Ornamental parts

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone