Henna plant growing shrub or small tree of the genus Lawsonia also known as Lawsonia inermis, Henna plant perennial evergreen or deciduous plant in colder climate, used for dye skin and fabric, medical also used as ornamental plant, drought tolerant or as hedge plant, can grow in desert, tropic, mediterranean or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 11+, possible to grow in the right care in hardiness zone 10b+
Henna plant leaves
Leaves color green in elliptic shape, the leaves use for coloring that plant need to grow above 32C (90F) for good coloring it’s possible less but will produce less color
Flower color yellow, flowers are small in cross shape and the stamens bigger than the petals.
Fruits color brown, round and small fruits, the fruits not edible.
How to grow Henna plant growing information and care:
How to grow henna plant: Well-drained soil, minimum 10C (50F) can survive 6C (42F) and prefer 32C (90F)
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but it easy to start by cutting, better in the end of the winter to early spring
Difficulties or problems when growing: ?
Planting season: Spring in hardiness zone 10b, spring to summer in hardiness zone 11, spring to autumn hardiness zone 12, all year in hardiness zone 12+
How to plant: Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball plus extra 20-40%, put in the hole organic matter, and dried leaves and mix it with some soil, better that the soil will be well ventilated, put the plant and loos little bit the root ball above the hole, plant and cover it and don’t push the soil too much strong but not too much lightly, after planting put mulch to keep moist on soil, put small amount of water do not over water, for the next two weeks put every 2 days (better in the morning) , better to take that the plant will be stable, and if not support it with bamboo or a stick that it won’t fall.
Pests and diseases: ?
Pruning season: All year
How to prune: Just for design
Tree shrub care
Size of the plant: 1-5m, 3-15 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water / Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full sun
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes
How to grow henna plant in pot: Planting in pot need to be at least 30-50L (8-13 gallons), need to keep the tree small, grow it as shrub or as bonsai, better to start with pot that 20% bigger than the root ball until the plant arrive to the desirable size of container, wouldn’t be recommend to start from big container on small tree, the plant not react well to overwater, every few years to switch the soil with big container there is no need to switch all just switch part and cut some of the roots ball (can switch from the side and the top of the pot), making enough holes in the container for good drainage also choosing soil for container important and need to be soil ventilated and maybe mix of sandy soil with other parts, don’t use bottom for the pot
Bloom season? Summer / Autumn
General information about the flower: yellow small flowers in cross shape and the stamens bigger than the petals.
How to grow Henna plant seeds
Sowing requirement: Better above 28C to germinate, but possible less
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dry and dark location, ignore the recommend to keep it in the refrigerator because the plants dislike low temperature, before sowing better to keep the plant in ~18C (64F)
Sowing season: End of the winter to spring and if keep it in in cooler before possible in the summer and location with hot autumn like in tropical also possible
How to plant: Need to be soil with good drain that not keep the water, just let them flow down
Planting spacing: better in different pots, but possible as shrub 2*2m (6*6 feet) and as tree 3*4m (10-13 feet)
Depth of Sowing: 2cm (1 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Full sun, with lightly moist soil
Watering requires for Seeds: Small amount of water, lightly moist and do not overwater
Germination time: 3-10 weeks
Condition of seedling: Water the seedling and let it dry between watering