Gaultheria grow and care – shrub of the genus Gaultheria also known as Heath plant or Chaura or Wintergreen, Gaultheria perennial evergreen plant, some species have edible fruit but mostly used as ornamental plant, grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 6-10a and with the right care in hardiness zone 10b.
Leaves color green in elliptic shape.
Flower color white to pink, flowers small in bell shape grow in clusters, the female flowers and male flowers grow on different plants.
Fruits of some species are edible, the taste can be tasteless to sweet, fruit edible the color can be: white, red, purple, pink or magenta the fruit round 0.5-1 cm.
Acid soil, need male and female plants possible to graft male and female on the same plant,
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seeds / Vegetative Reproduction – cutting in the end of the winter to beginning of the spring, high humidity with moist soil, use roots growth hormones, don’t let the soil dry and keep it without moving until establish, better in half shade.
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction? Yes (if not there is not guaranteed the taste of the fruits, color of the flower or the fruits)
Difficulties or problems when growing: ?
Planting season: Winter, spring, summer
Pests and diseases: ?
Pruning season: Autumn / Winter
How to prune: Cut the inner branches
Size of the plant? 10-300 cm, 4-120 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade (in hardiness zone 10b only in half shade)
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes
Bloom season: Spring
General information about the flower White to pink flowers in small size bell shape grow in clusters the flowers female and male grow on different plants
Pollination is done by: Bees
Edible Fruits (not in all the species)
Fruit harvest season: Summer / Autumn
Fruits pests or diseases: Birds
What can be done with big quantities of Gaultheria fruits? Eat raw, jam
Work requirements on the fruit: Nothing special
How long does it take to bear fruit? 2 years
How to grow from seeds
Sowing requirement: Acid soil, moist soil, possible to sow in the winter under the snow and keep and the spring the seeds will grow,
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Cold, dry and dark location
Sowing season: Autumn / Winter / Spring
Planting spacing: 30*40cm (12*16 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 2mm (0.1 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: 10-20C (50-68F), sunny location, keep soil moist and don’t let it dry
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water / Big amount of water
Germination time: 1-3 months
Condition of seedling: Full sun, moist soil, with organic matter
Do the seeds require burying? Yes
Chilling hour’s requirements: Depend the species, from 1-4 months