Echinacea purpurea grow and care – herbaceous of the genus Echinacea also known as Purple Coneflower, Echinacea purpurea perennial evergreen in cold climate semi deciduous and can grow as annual plant, used as ornamental flowers as cutting flower as medical and attract polinators, can grow in subtropics, mediterranean or temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 2-10.
How to grow Echinacea purpurea – growing and care:
Well drained soil, prefer rich soil and lightly moist soil
How to care: Put fertilize at least once a year
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seedling / Seed (explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but easy to start from cutting
Difficulties or problems when growing: Aggressive
Recommended planting season? Spring as annual, spring to summer 8-10a, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 10b
Pests and diseases: Aphids
Pruning season: Winter
How to prune: If there is no need in the seeds recommend to cut the flower in the end
Size of the plant? 40-140 cm, 1.3-4.7 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing
Water requirement: Small amount of water / Average amount of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun
Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? No
Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, when grow in container, size 8-18 liter (2-5 gallon) average amount of water that needed, it’s to keep the soil moist consider to put mulch and can reduce vaporization of the water, every two years to switch soil in the pot don’t let the soil be rotten possible to switch just part of the soil, soil need to be well ventilated with good drainage, rich with organic matter, can us in potting mix or peat soil with perlite or vermiculite.
Bloom season: Spring / Summer / Autumn (in warm climate)
General information about the flower Purple flowers but color can be also white, pink, orange, red, yellow, green or blue flowers, when the flowers mature become in cone shape, flowers attract pollinators.
How to grow from seeds
Sowing requirement: Better to sow it in temperature of 20-25C (68-77F) possible in 15-29C (59-84F) but will take more time to germinate and less seeds will germinate.
Saving and care seeds until sowing: Dry and dark location better in refrigerator
Sowing season: Spring in hardiness zone 2-9 and spring to summer in hardiness zone 10 and better not to sow it in hot summer days
How to plant: Plant in sunny location until 25C (77F), temperature that will be above in half shade
Planting spacing: 30*40cm (12*16 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 3-6mm (0.2-0.4 inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Moist soil, humidity, sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water, don’t let the soil dry and keep the soil moist
Germination time: 2-4 weeks
Condition of seedling: Moist soil, sunny location but if it’s in the summer need to increase the amount of water
Do the seeds require burying? No, but better to keep the seeds in cool location