How to grow Chayote

Chayote growing herbaceous vine of the genus Sechium also known as Chayote squash or Chuchu, Chayote is perennial plant but can grow as annual plant, mostly used for edible fruits also the tuber and the leaves edible can grow in mediterranean, subtropics or tropics climate and growing in hardiness zone 8-10 as annual and 11+ as perennial.

Leaves are edible when they are young and tender after that the leaves become hairy, the shape of the leaves is maple leaf shape.

Flower color is white, there are female and male flower.

Chayote fruits

Fruits are pear shaped, the color fruit are green or yellow. The weight is 100-900 gram. The size 7-20 cm, seeds are green-white and edible. The taste reminds kohlrabi taste when eaten raw, recommend to harvest the fruit when it’s still soft.

Tuber is edible brown skin and white from the inside

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Requirements for Chayote growing and care:

Trellising, mulch, frost free, well-drained soil, slightly acid

What is the best way to start growing?
Seedling / Seed / vegetative reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Planting season:

Pests and diseases:
Powdery mildew, aphids, moth, virus, beetles

Pruning season:
No need. But possible all the season

How to prune:
Infected leaves needed to take out, also try to clean them

Size of the plant?
5-10 m, 15-30 feet

Growth speed in Chayote:
Fast growing

Chayote Irrigation Water Management:
Average amount of water

Water requirement:
Full Sun

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season:
Late spring

General information about the flower
White flower with five lobs, there are female and male flowers

Thinning the bloom:
Sometimes happened because disease or not enough water

Pollination is done by:
Bees and more pollinators, by hand

Edible Fruits

Fruit harvest season:

Fruits pests or diseases:
Powdery mildew

What can be done with big quantities of Chayote fruits?
Cooked, baked, grilled, stir fry, fry, eaten raw

Work requirements on the fruit:

How long does it take to bear fruit?
120-150 days (4-5 month)

Grow from seeds

Sowing requirement:
The seed germinate while inside the fruit., the seeds have short life

Saving seeds until sowing:
As long as the fruit alive the seed alive

Sowing season:

Planting spacing:
20-30 cm

Depth of Sowing:
1-2 cm from the top

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Moist soil, full sun

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water

Germination time:
10-20 days

Condition of seedling:
Warm weather, big amount of water, full sun, place to trellising

Do the seeds require burying?

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season
All year

How to harvest the leaves?
From the base of the leaves

Information about leaves:
The shape of the leaves is maple leaf shape, the color light green

Uses of Chayote leaves:
Cooked, staffed leaves, stir fry, salad

Edible Roots

Information about  Chayote’s tuber:
Brown skin and white from the inside

When to pull up Chayote’s tuber:
At least 10 month from planting can be all year long, in cold area in the autumn

Uses of Chayote tuber:
Cooked, staffed leaves, stir fry, salad

Scientific name:

Sechium edule

Blooming Seasons

Edible Parts

Culinary Uses

Flower Colors


Harvest season

Plant growing speed

Plant life-form

Plant uses

Planting season

Plants sun exposure

Watering plants

Hardiness zone