How to grow Alfalfa plant

Alfalfa plant growing herbaceous fabaceae of the genus Medicago also known as Lucerne or Medicago sativa, Alfalfa plant perennial evergreen or cold deciduous plant, used for edible sprouts also used as ornamental plant and it’s drought tolerant that also fixing nitrogen (roots system go to 15m (45 feet)), can grow in temperate, mediterranean, desert or subtropical, climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-11.

Leaves edible color green in elliptic shape.

Alfalfa plant flower

Flower color purple in pea shape flower, flowers grow in clusters.

Seeds edible in brown color, in bean shape.

Sprouts edible and takes one 5-8 days to grow it from seeds to eat

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How to grow Alfalfa plant growing and care:

Well-drained soil

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?

Difficulties or problems when growing:

Planting season:
Spring or autumn in hot climate

Pests and diseases:

Pruning season:
All year

How to prune:
Just for design

Size of the plant:
60-100cm, 24-40 inches

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Fast growing / Medium growing

Water requirement:
Small amount of water / Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full sun / Half shade / Full shade (only sprouts)

Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:

Blooming information

Bloom season?

General information about the flower:
Pea shape flowers in purple color

Pollination is done by:

Edible Seeds

Seeds harvest season:

Seeds pests or diseases:

What can be done with big quantities of Alfalfa seeds?

Work requirements on the seeds:

How long does it take to bear seeds?
0.5-1 year

Edible leaves

Leaves harvesting season:
Spring to autumn in cold climate, and in hardiness zone of 10b can be all year

How to harvest the leaves?
After the plant establish (take at least half year) possible to start to prune how much that needed

Information about leaves:
Leaves edible color green in elliptic shape

Uses of Medicago sativa leaves:

Scientific name:

Medicago sativa

How to grow Alfalfa plant

Alfalfa plant grow and care

Alfalfa plant care

Growing Alfalfa plant

Alfalfa plant


Blooming Seasons
  • Spring flowers
  • Summer flowers
Edible Parts
  • Edible leaves
  • Edible Seeds
Culinary uses
  • Cooked
Flower colors
  • Purple flower
  • Desert Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
Harvest Season
  • Autumn Harvest
  • Spring Harvest
  • Summer Harvest
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
  • Fast growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Deciduous
  • Evergreen
  • Herbaceous
  • Legumes
  • Perennial plant
Plant Uses
  • Drought tolerant plants
  • Edible plants
  • Ground fixing plants
  • Indoor plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
  • Shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Big amount of water
  • Regularly water
  • Small amounts of water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 4
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9