African iris growing herbaceous geophyte of the genus Dietes also known as Fairy iris, African iris perennial evergreen used as ornamental plant for the flowers, it’s drought tolerant plant and attract pollinators also can be used for cut flowers, can grow in tropics, mediterranean, desert, subtropics, temperate climate and growing in hardiness zone 8+.
Leaves color green and narrow like sward shape leaves grow in groups linked together.
African iris flower
Flowers color can be: light purple almost white, white or yellow the flower has 6 petals in the outer circle, 3 of the petals yellow or with yellow stipe in the base, and the other 3 petals can be with brown-black dots in the base, 3 petals in the inner circle in the color purple, white, or yellow, if used it as cut flower need to cut it before that all the bloom stem fully open.
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Requirements for African iris growing and care:
Well drained soil, prefer rich soil with organic material, better to fertilize before the blooming season but not must, if there is organic material no need of fertilize, when the plant young (in case of seeds or late planting) better to protect it in the winter in hardiness zone 8-10a
What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Vegetative Reproduction
Is it necessary to use vegetative reproduction?
Difficulties or problems when growing:
Spring, summer, autumn, in cold climate better in the spring to early summer, in tropical possible all the year
Pests and diseases:
Leaf miner, spider mites
All year, for reducing that amount of plant better to cut in the winter and better to pull the plant with the roots
How to prune:
Dead leaves and dead bloom stems, better not to cut leaves and bloom stems until dry because it has effect on the blooming
Size of the plant?
0.5-1 m, 20-40 inches
Growth speed in optimal condition:
Average amount of water / Small amount of water, possible to let it without water for a long period, but the plant prefer regular water especially in the blooming season but with good drainage
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun, can grow in less than full sun but then it will have less flowers
Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, but in order to get flowers after few years need to check that the roots system not fill all the planter, if it’s full need to reduce that amount of plants or to increase the size of the container
Spring, summer, autumn
General information about the flower:
Flower has 6 petals in the outer circle color can be: light purple almost white, white or yellow, 3 of the petals yellow or with yellow stipe in the base, and the other 3 petals can be with brown-black dots in the base, 3 petals in the inner circle in the color purple, white, or yellow.