How to grow Acalypha

Acalypha plant grow and care – shrub‎ or small tree of the genus Acalypha also known as Copperleaf, Acalypha perennial evergreen or annual plant also used as ornamental hedge plant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, subtropical or temperate climate (temperate for annual) and growing in hardiness zone 10+ as perennial or 5-9 as annual.

Acalypha plant leaves and flowers

Leaves color can be green, red, white, yellow, pink or purple, can be with dark spots, stipes, different color and color shape, the edge can be in different color and serrated shape can be rhomboid, elliptic or heart.

Flower color can be: white, pink or red like needle to hair, flowers grow on stalk and female and male flowers grow separately on the same plant.

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How to grow Acalypha growing and care:

Better more than 5C (41F) (as perennial), moist soil, well drain soil, rich soil

How to care:
when the plant young it’s important to cover the soil with mulch, after this put fertilizer 1-2 a year

What is the best way to start growing?
Plant / Seed (sowing explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction – propagation by cutting

How to propagate:
Propagation by cutting – require: high humidity, moist soil, half shade, keep the soil moist and don’t let it dry better to use root growth hormone and start in the spring in ~25C (77F), also will grow better in in greenhouse (possible also plastic box) than it’s possible to create high humidity like fog, another option to grow it in water and switch the water every few days, also in those condition need high humidity

Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction?
No, but in Acalypha hispida it’s impossible to find seeds, come species and cultivars are colored leaves and better to start from cutting

Difficulties or problems when growing:
Sensitive for pets (depend the cultivar)

Planting season:
Spring hardiness zone of 10b+ and annual / Summer / Autumn, and in the tropic all year, if it growing as annual plant better to start indoor in the winter than in spring take the plant outdoor after the last frost

Pests and diseases:
Fungal, aphids

Pruning season:

How to prune:
Just for design

Size of the plant?
1-3 m, 3-10 feet

Growth speed in optimal condition:
Medium growing

Water requirement:
Average amount of water, when the plant young sensitive to lace of water

Light conditions in optimal condition for growing:
Full Sun / Half Shade (some species possible to grow in full shade)

Is it possible to grow as houseplant?
No, but there are species as can grow as houseplant with a lot of light

Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers:
Yes, start with container that bigger than the plant at least 30-50%, need to switch the soil once in a few years by new soil, better to do in the winter, wash the soil from the roots and cut the root and prune the plant, use potting mix or peat soil with perlite and mix it with hummus and organic matter, use chopped mulch to keep the soil moist, let the bottom of the pot fill in water but dry in the same day, for small cultivars possible to grow it in 15L (4 Gallons) big cultivars at least 25L (6.5 Gallons), always better to start to grow with small pot and grow with the plant.

Blooming information

Bloom season?

General information about the flower
White, pink or red flower like needle that create like hair, flowers grow on stalk

How to grow Acalypha plant from seeds

Sowing requirement:
At least 25C (77F), as annual plant better to start growing from cutting

Saving seeds and care until sowing:
Dry and dark location

Sowing season:
Planting in the spring as annual plant and better indoor in the mid of the winter, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+, better not to plant in hot summer day the plant might die

How to plant:
Better to plant in vermiculite, peat soil or soil the keep moist

Planting spacing:
20*30cm, but in direct sowing depend on the cultivars small cultivars 50*50cm (20*20 inches) big cultivars 1*1 (40*40 inches)

Depth of Sowing:
1cm (0.5inch)

Conditions for seeds germinate:
Sunny location

Watering requires for Seeds:
Average amount of water / Big amount of water

Germination time:
2-5 weeks

Condition of seedling:
Mulch, protect from wind

Scientific name:


How to grow Acalypha

Growing Acalypha wilkesiana plant

Growing Acalypha wilkesiana plant

Acalypha wilkesiana flower

Acalypha hispida blooming season

Acalypha hispida plant

Acalypha hispida flowers


Acalypha leaves

Acalypha wilkesiana

Acalypha wilkesiana care

Acalypha hispida

Growing Acalypha hispida

Acalypha plant care

Acalypha plant


Blooming Seasons
  • Summer flowers
Flower colors
  • Pink flower
  • Red flower
  • White flower
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Subtropics Climate
  • Temperate Climate
  • Tropics Climate
Leaf color
  • Pink leaves
  • Purple leaf
  • Red leaves
  • White leaves
  • Yellow leaf
Ornamental parts
  • Ornamental flower
  • Ornamental leaves
  • Ornamental plant
Plant growing speed
  • Average growing plants
Plant life-form
  • Annual plant
  • Evergreen
  • Perennial plant
  • Shrub
  • Tree
Plant Uses
  • Colored leaves
  • Hedging plants
  • Ornamental plants
Planting Season
  • Autumn Planting
  • Spring Planting
  • Summer planting
Plants sun exposure
  • Full sun Plants
  • Part shade Plants
Watering plants
  • Regularly water
Hardiness zone
  • Hardiness zone 10
  • Hardiness zone 11
  • Hardiness zone 12
  • Hardiness zone 13
  • Hardiness zone 5
  • Hardiness zone 6
  • Hardiness zone 7
  • Hardiness zone 8
  • Hardiness zone 9