Acalypha plant grow and care – shrub or small tree of the genus Acalypha also known as Copperleaf, Acalypha perennial evergreen or annual plant also used as ornamental hedge plant, can grow in tropic, mediterranean, subtropical or temperate climate (temperate for annual) and growing in hardiness zone 10+ as perennial or 5-9 as annual.
Leaves color can be green, red, white, yellow, pink or purple, can be with dark spots, stipes, different color and color shape, the edge can be in different color and serrated shape can be rhomboid, elliptic or heart.
Flower color can be: white, pink or red like needle to hair, flowers grow on stalk and female and male flowers grow separately on the same plant.
Better more than 5C (41F) (as perennial), moist soil, well drain soil, rich soil
How to care: when the plant young it’s important to cover the soil with mulch, after this put fertilizer 1-2 a year
What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed (sowing explanation bellow) / Vegetative Reproduction – propagation by cutting
How to propagate: Propagation by cutting – require: high humidity, moist soil, half shade, keep the soil moist and don’t let it dry better to use root growth hormone and start in the spring in ~25C (77F), also will grow better in in greenhouse (possible also plastic box) than it’s possible to create high humidity like fog, another option to grow it in water and switch the water every few days, also in those condition need high humidity
Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? No, but in Acalypha hispida it’s impossible to find seeds, come species and cultivars are colored leaves and better to start from cutting
Difficulties or problems when growing: Sensitive for pets (depend the cultivar)
Planting season: Spring hardiness zone of 10b+ and annual / Summer / Autumn, and in the tropic all year, if it growing as annual plant better to start indoor in the winter than in spring take the plant outdoor after the last frost
Pests and diseases: Fungal, aphids
Pruning season: Autumn
How to prune: Just for design
Size of the plant? 1-3 m, 3-10 feet
Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing
Water requirement: Average amount of water, when the plant young sensitive to lace of water
Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade (some species possible to grow in full shade)
Is it possible to grow as houseplant? No, but there are species as can grow as houseplant with a lot of light
Growing is also possible in a pot / planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, start with container that bigger than the plant at least 30-50%, need to switch the soil once in a few years by new soil, better to do in the winter, wash the soil from the roots and cut the root and prune the plant, use potting mix or peat soil with perlite and mix it with hummus and organic matter, use chopped mulch to keep the soil moist, let the bottom of the pot fill in water but dry in the same day, for small cultivars possible to grow it in 15L (4 Gallons) big cultivars at least 25L (6.5 Gallons), always better to start to grow with small pot and grow with the plant.
Bloom season? Summer
General information about the flower White, pink or red flower like needle that create like hair, flowers grow on stalk
How to grow Acalypha plant from seeds
Sowing requirement: At least 25C (77F), as annual plant better to start growing from cutting
Saving seeds and care until sowing: Dry and dark location
Sowing season: Planting in the spring as annual plant and better indoor in the mid of the winter, spring to summer in hardiness zone 10, spring to autumn in hardiness zone 11, all year in hardiness zone 12+, better not to plant in hot summer day the plant might die
How to plant: Better to plant in vermiculite, peat soil or soil the keep moist
Planting spacing: 20*30cm, but in direct sowing depend on the cultivars small cultivars 50*50cm (20*20 inches) big cultivars 1*1 (40*40 inches)
Depth of Sowing: 1cm (0.5inch)
Conditions for seeds germinate: Sunny location
Watering requires for Seeds: Average amount of water / Big amount of water